### smash sum ⇝

## coalesced sum

<*theory*>

(Or "smash sum") In domain theory, the coalesced sum of domains A and B, A (+) B, contains all the non-bottom elements of both domains, tagged to show which part of the sum they come from, and a new bottom element.

D (+) E = { bottom(D(+)E) } U { (0,d) | d in D, d /= bottom(D) } U { (1,e) | e in E, e /= bottom(E) }The bottoms of the constituent domains are coalesced into a single bottom in the sum. This may be generalised to any number of domains. The ordering is

bottom(D(+)E) <= v For all v in D(+)E (i,v1) <= (j,v2) iff i = j & v1 <= v2"<=" is usually written as LaTeX \sqsubseteq and "(+)" as LaTeX \oplus - a "+" in a circle.

Last updated: 1994-12-22

### Nearby terms:

COALA ♦ **coalesced sum** ♦ Coalition for Networked Information ♦ coarse grain

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