The term comes from Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" via the
famous paper "On Holy Wars and a Plea for Peace" by Danny
Cohen, USC/ISI IEN 137, 1980-04-01.
The Lilliputians, being very small, had correspondingly small
political problems. The Big-Endian and Little-Endian parties
debated over whether soft-boiled eggs should be opened at the
big end or the little end.
See also middle-endian, holy wars, NUXI problem, swab.