Pentium

<processor>

Intel's superscalar successor to the 486. It has two 32-bit 486-type integer pipelines with dependency checking. It can execute a maximum of two instructions per cycle. It does pipelined floating-point and performs branch prediction. It has 16 kilobytes of on-chip cache, a 64-bit memory interface, 8 32-bit general-purpose registers and 8 80-bit floating-point registers. It is built from 3.1 million transistors on a 262.4 mm^2 die with ~2.3 million transistors in the core logic. Its clock rate is 66MHz, heat dissipation is 16W, integer performance is 64.5 SPECint92, floating-point performance 56.9 SPECfp92.

It is called "Pentium" because it is the fifth in the 80x86 line. It would have been called the 80586 had a US court not ruled that you can't trademark a number.

The successors are the Pentium Pro and Pentium II.

The following Pentium variants all belong to "x86 Family 6", as reported by "Microsoft Windows" when identifying the CPU:

 Model  Name
 1      Pentium Pro
 2      ?
 3      Pentium II
 4      ?
 5, 6   Celeron or Pentium II
 7      Pentium III
 8      Celeron uPGA2 or Mobile Pentium III

A floating-point division bug was discovered in October 1994.

[Internal implementation, "Microprocessor Report" newsletter, 1993-03-29, volume 7, number 4].

[Pentium based computers, PC Magazine, 1994-01-25].

Last updated: 2003-09-30

Nearby terms:

pencil and paperpenis warPentiumPentium 2Pentium 3Pentium II

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