File Separator


(FS) ASCII character 28.

Last updated: 1996-06-28

file server

Hardware and software that together provide file-handling and storage functions for multiple users on a local area network. The most common choices for file server software are Sun Microsystems' Network File System for Unix and Novell Netware for IBM PC compatibles. There is also a version of NFS for PCs called PC-NFS. Storing files on a file server saves having multiple copies stored on individual computers, thus economising on disk space and also makes administrating and updating the files easier.

File Service Protocol


(FSP) A protocol, similar to FTP, for copying files between computers. It's designed for anonymous archives, and has protection against server and network overloading. It doesn't use connections so it can survive interruptions in service.

Until 1993-08-12, FSP didn't stand for anything. Wen-King was responsible for the initials and Michael Grubb <[email protected]> for their eventual expansion. Other suggestions were "File Slurping Protocol", "Flaky Stream Protocol" and "FTP's Sexier Partner".


[fsp-faq, 1993-08-12].

Last updated: 1997-12-07

file signature

A magic number.

[Jargon File]

file system

<operating system>

(FS, or "filesystem") 1. A system for organizing directories and files, generally in terms of how it is implemented in the disk operating system. E.g., "The Macintosh file system is just dandy as long as you don't have to interface it with any other file systems".

2. The collection of files and directories stored on a given drive (floppy drive, hard drive, disk partition, logical drive, RAM drive, etc.). E.g., "mount attaches a named file system to the file system hierarchy at the pathname location directory [...]" -- Unix manual page for "mount(8)".

As an extension of this sense, "file system" is sometimes used to refer to the representatation of the file system's organisation (e.g. its file allocation table) as opposed the actual content of the files in the file system.

Unix manual page: fs(5), mount(8).

Last updated: 1997-04-10

Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

<storage, standard>

(FHS) A standard designed to be used by Unix distribution developers, package developers, and system implementors.

FHS consists of a set of requirements and guidelines for file and directory placement under UNIX-like operating systems.

The guidelines are intended to support interoperability of applications, system administration tools, development tools, and scripts. These systems should also be supported with greater documentation uniformity.

The standard is primarily intended to be a reference and is not a tutorial on how to manage a Unix filesystem or directory hierarchy.

RedHat deviation.

Last updated: 2001-05-24

Nearby terms:

File RequestFile Separatorfile serverFile Service Protocol

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