her, palm (see note)

	ar	far, mark
	aw	flaw, caught
	ay	bake, rain
	e	less, men
	ee	easy, ski
	eir	their, software
	i	trip, hit
	i:	life, sky
	o	block, stock (see note)
	oh	flow, sew
	oo	loot, through
	or	more, door
	ow	out, how
	oy	boy, coin
	uh	but, some
	u	put, foot
	*r      fur, insert (only in stressed
		syllables; otherwise use just "r")
	y	yet, young
	yoo	few, chew
	[y]oo	/oo/ with optional fronting as
		in `news' (/nooz/ or /nyooz/)

A /*/ is used for the `schwa' sound of unstressed or occluded vowels (often written with an upside-down `e'). The schwa vowel is omitted in unstressed syllables containing vocalic l, m, n or r; that is, "kitten" and "colour" would be rendered /kit'n/ and /kuhl'r/, not /kit'*n/ and /kuhl'*r/.

The above table reflects mainly distinctions found in standard American English (that is, the neutral dialect spoken by TV network announcers and typical of educated speech in the Upper Midwest, Chicago, Minneapolis/St.Paul and Philadelphia). However, we separate /o/ from /ah/, which tend to merge in standard American. This may help readers accustomed to accents resembling British Received Pronunciation.

Entries with a pronunciation of `//' are written-only.

Last updated: 1997-12-10

Nearby terms:

her, palm (see note)is used for the `schwa' sound of unstressed or occluded

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