## metaheuristic

<*algorithm, complexity, computability*>

A top-level general strategy which guides other heuristics to search for feasible solutions in domains where the task is hard.

Metaheuristics have been most generally applied to problems classified as NP-Hard or NP-Complete by the theory of computational complexity. However, metaheuristics would also be applied to other combinatorial optimisation problems for which it is known that a polynomial-time solution exists but is not practical.

Examples of metaheuristics are Tabu Search, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms and memetic algorithms.

Last updated: 1997-10-30

### Nearby terms:

metafile ♦ METAFONT ♦ **metaheuristic** ♦ Meta-II ♦ metainformation ♦ Meta-IV

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